Mountainous terrain march [Photos]

April 01, 2019

In the mountains, in order to avoid disorientation, save physical strength, improve the speed of progress, and strive to have a path to not cross the mountains, there is no road to take the road. If there are no roads, you can choose to travel on the vertical hills, ridges, mountainsides, and the edges of rivers, as well as on the topography of trees, thin forests, large gaps, and low grass. Generally do not go deep deep valleys and lush grass, vines and intertwined places, and strive to take the beam does not walk the ditch, do not walk horizontally. The march should follow the principle of strides, and so does the mountains. If we increase the pace, we will take three steps and make two steps. If we go down tens of kilometers, we can take many steps and save a lot of energy. As the saying goes: "If you are afraid of slow, you are afraid of standing." When tired, apply a relaxed, slow walk to rest instead of stopping for a minute or tens of meters as you walk slowly.

Walking in the mountains, you will often encounter various rock slopes and steep walls. Therefore, climbing the rock is the main skill of climbing. Before climbing the rock, carefully observe the rock, carefully identify the quality of the rock and the degree of weathering, and then determine the direction of the climb and the route of passage. The most basic method of climbing a rock is the "fixed three points" method, which requires that the climber's hands and feet do a good job. After both hands or feet are fixed, move the other points again so that the body's center of gravity gradually rises. When using this method, it is necessary to prevent jumps and rapid advances, and to avoid the two points moving at the same time, and be sure to be stable, light, and fast. According to your own situation, choose the most suitable distance and the most stable pivot point, and do not stride forward. Grab and go too far.

Grass slopes and gravel slopes are the most widely distributed terrain in the mountains. In mountainous areas below 3,000 meters above sea level, grass slopes and gravel slopes are almost all but cliffs. Climbing slopes below 30 degrees can rise in a straight line. The body leans forward slightly, and the entire foot touches the ground, his knees are bent, his legs are out of figure eight, and he should not be too big or too fast. When the slope is greater than 30 degrees, climbing along a straight line is more difficult. Because the two-legged wrist joints do not stretch well, they are prone to fatigue; the slopes are large, the gravel is easy to roll, and it is easy to slip. Therefore, the zigzag ascent method is generally adopted. That is, in accordance with the "zigzag" shape line obliquely. When climbing, the legs are slightly curved, the upper body is leaned forward, the inner toe is forward, the entire foot is on the ground, and the lateral toe is slightly outward. When passing the grass slope, be careful not to scratch the trees and climb the grass so as not to cause people to fall. When walking on the gravel slope, special attention should be paid to the fact that the foot should be practical and the foot should be light so that the gravel will not roll. When you accidentally go on a slide, you should immediately face the slopes, open your arms, straighten your legs (turn your toes up), and move your body's center of gravity as much as possible to reduce the speed of your gliding. In this way, you can try to find climbers and supports in the gliding. Never sit face to face because it will not only slide faster, but it will also roll over on steeper slopes.

During the rainy season in the mountains, we should avoid low-lying lands such as valleys and rivers to prevent mountain torrents and landslides. In the event of a thunderstorm, you should immediately go to the nearby low-lying land or thick bushes, and do not hide under the tall trees. The trees often attract landmines and cause lightning strikes. In lightning storms, metal objects should be temporarily stored in an easily accessible place, not on your body, or you can seek shelter in a low-lying area. In case of severe weather such as snow, heavy fog, strong winds, etc. in the mountains, you should stop the journey, avoid the cliffs or caves, and wait until the weather improves.

Do not overestimate your physical strength while walking in the mountains. If you are tired, you should rest in time. Do not rest until you are tired and rest. It is not easy to recover your strength. The correct way is to take a long walk, relax slowly, or stop for a rest and adjust your breathing. When standing and resting, do not remove the backpack. You can support a Wooden Stick under the backpack to reduce the weight. If the weather is cold, do not take a rest on the stone. The stone will quickly absorb the body's heat.

Climbing glaciers and snow slopes requires special care. There are many cracks on the glaciers, and the greatest threat to humans is the icefall area and cracks on the edge of the foothills, especially the hidden cracks covered by snow. When passing through a fissure, several people should act in groups and connect each other with a rope. The distance between two adjacent people is 10 to 12 meters. People who have opened the way in front of them must constantly detect the actual situation. The person behind must walk on the footprints of the person in front, so it is safer. When you pass through the ice bridge on the cracks, you must move forward.

The snow slope must not only pay attention to cracks, but also be careful not to collapse the snow. In places where ice and snow meet the slopes of snow-covered hills, snow is often deep and must be grouped when the action takes place. When passing through the snow bridge, the open-ended explored the snow bridge and made it through. If the snow is soft and you have to pass it, you should go ahead. When climbing a steep slope, be sure to stand on both feet before moving. To step forward, use the forefoot of your feet to step on the snow and step on the steps to move the rear feet. If you accidentally slip, you should immediately lie down and prevent it from falling.

If you climb a glacier and snow slope, you have to take a few cracks. In the snow, go up and pick the place where the snow is hard. Go hot, do not quench your thirst with ice and snow, suddenly devour ice and snow, easy to get throat inflammation. In fact, when the thirst is deteriorating, it can be melted with ice and sip. Try not to swallow it. The water will increase the burden on the body's circulatory organs and affect physical strength. When walking on soft snow for a long time, stride and shorten the time to walk in the snow. When you walk, you have to step back a little and then step up and step forward. Feet retreat is to make snow shoes before there is room for movement, when you take a step forward, you can also play a role in snow. To take a steep slope, use the slope of the inner edge of the snowshoe to avoid the body from reaching the outer edge. When the snow freezes very hard, take off the snow shoes and walk.

Travelling in the valley should be near the centerline of the valley to avoid rolling hillsides. Do not get close to snowballs, and do not walk under snowballs to avoid triggering an avalanche.

Snow sled, stretch to the ridgeline or cliff downwind. When the windward slope is slow, it is easy to form snowballs, and steep slopes around 45 degrees are not easily formed. In areas where the wind direction is indefinite and the slopes on the sides of the ridges are different, special attention is paid. Alpine action, avalanche is a huge disaster. In May 1957, Ding Xingyou, the first mountaineering martyr in New China, died of an avalanche in Gongga Mountain. In January 1991, the 17-member Sino-Switzerland united mountaineering met with avalanche between the Nu River and the Lancang River in northwestern Yunnan and was completely destroyed.

Avalanches are induced by acoustics, vibrations, rolling rocks or snow, and the effects of wind. Avalanches usually occur in slopes with small snowballs rolling down, slopes with cracks in snow, slopes with snow slopes of 36 to 42 degrees without trees, long slopes, convex slopes, slopes in the south and southwest, In order to cover the new snow above the old snow and soft snow and other places due to rising temperatures. Generally speaking, it is sunny after snow and snow avalanches occur at 9 to 10 o'clock in the morning. Abandoned by the risk of avalanche should pay attention to: pre-release the straps, in order to relieve the large backpack and other equipment, if necessary, to protect the freedom of movement. Remove blizzards that impair vision and hearing, and discover signs of avalanches as early as possible. Avoid crossing dangerously snowy slopes. Avoid shooting and other acoustic vibrations. Avoid falling and other impacts on the snow surface.

If you are involved in an avalanche, you should repeatedly do swimming in the moving snow stream and strive to float on the surface of the snow stream. Because the hands and feet are difficult to move after the avalanche stops, the snow surface should be floated as much as possible during the snow flow. When buried in the snow, let the saliva in your mouth flow out, look at the direction of the flow, determine if you are upside down, and then try to save yourself.

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